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THE WARTHOG

Updated: 30 October 2014
(Published: 4 September 2012)

QUICK FACTS

Scientific Name : Phacochoerus africanus sundevallii


Weight (Adult Boar) : +/- 79.6 kg


Weight (Adult Sow) : +/- 56.6 kg


Shoulder Height (Boar) : +/- 68.2 cm


Shoulder Height (Sow) : +/- 59.8 cm

www.leopard.tv

www.leopard.tvThe common warthog Phacochoerus africanus sundevallii of southern Africa was first described scientifically in 1908 by Lönnberg on the basis of a specimen from KwaZulu-Natal. It was once confused with the desert warthog Phacochoerus aethiopicus aethiopicus which only occurred in the Northern and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa, but now is probably extinct.

However, Phacochoerus aethiopicus still occurs as a subspecies Phacochoerus aethiopicus delamerei in Kenia, Somalia and eastern Ethiopia. The original generic name for the warthog was Aper but this name is taxonomically invalid as it had already been used by Erxleben in 1777 as a specific epithet synonym for the wild boar Sus scrofa. In 1826 the generic name was changed to Phacochoerus by Cuvier.

An adult warthog boar has a mean weight of 79.6 kg (maximum: 103.9 kg) and stands a mean of 68.2 cm high at the shoulder (maximum: 72.0 cm). An adult sow has a mean weight of 56.5 kg (maximum 69.1 kg) and a mean shoulder height of 59.8 cm (maximum: 65.7 cm)... (Become a subscriber for more)

 

References:

Grubb, P 2005. Order Artiodactyla. In D E Wilson and D M Reeder (Eds), Mammal species of the world: a taxonomic and geographic reference, third edition. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, pp 638 – 639.

Skinner, J D and C T Chimimba (Eds) 2005. The mammals of the southern African subregion, third edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 551 – 555.

article by: Prof J du P Bothma

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