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THE KLIPSPRINGER

Updated: 27 May 2014
(Published: 12 December 2013)

www.leopard.tvThe klipspringer Oreotragus oretragus has no common name in English but the common name in Afrikaans can roughly be translated to rock hopper. It was originally described scientifically as Antilope oreotragusoreotragus by Linnaeus in 1783 based on a specimen from False Bay in the Western Cape Province. As Antilope only occurs in India, the genus Oreotragus was created by A Smith in 1834. There are currently five subspecies that are recognized, all of them occurring in Africa, with Oretragus oretragus tyleri occurring in Angola and Namibia. In South-Africa only the subspecies Oreotragus oreotragus oreotragus is currently recognized and there are no regional cytotypes. Cytotypes are individuals with different chromosomal characteristics. This implies that despite the isolated rocky habitats there is enough contact between seemingly isolated populations. As is morphologically evident from the shape of the head, the klipspringer is most closely related to the duikers of the genus Cephalophus to which the red duiker Cephalophus natalensis also belongs... (To see more become a Green subscriber)

 


References:

Grubb, P 2005. Order Artiodactyla. In D E Wilson and D M Reeder (Eds), Mammal species of the world, third edition. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, p 686.

Skinner, J D and C T Chimimba (Eds) 2005. The mammals of the southern African subregion, third edition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 708 - 711.

article by: Prof J du P Bothma

 

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